An important reason why Linux has become so popular today is the ease of availability through 
the so called  distributions . Distributions bundle the Linux operating system together with useful 
applications developed by independent groups, and usually have an installation program. Many 
companies offer Linux distributions today; a list of major distributions is given in the next section.  
With the combined efforts of companies as well as individuals, Linux has evolved into a modern 
operating system that incorporates protected memory, multitasking, fast TCP/IP networking, 
shared libraries and multi user capabilities. 
2.2.2  Comparison of the Distributions 
The following table gives an overview over some of the most popular Linux distributions that are 
currently available. This table should help in finding the Linux distribution that is most applicable 
for the desired tasks.  
Distribution** 
Version 
Description 
Red Hat
 7.0 
Red Hat Linux is one of the oldest and most popular of today s 
  
Linux distributions. Red Hat originated the RPM format used by 
many other distributions. Most RPM packages that are 
available on the Internet were compiled on Red Hat systems, 
and therefore install and run fine on Red Hat.  
Yellow Dog
 1.2.1 
Linux distribution for PowerPCs (Mac). Includes many software 
packages. Includes automated update program for installation. 
Elfstone
 Beta  Elfstone Software is a newer player in the Linux market. 
Elfstone claims to have a particularly stable Linux distribution. It 
was designed primarily for programmers, engineers, and 
network administrators, and contains only software to operate a 
network. Based on RPM (upgradeable). 
Stampede
 0.9 
The Stampede GNU/Linux Foundation is a non profit 
organization. Stampede is still under development. Developers 
contribute on a voluntary basis. 
KSI
2.0 
Ukrainian/Russian Linux distribution. 
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